BRADFORD

BRADFORD, city in Yorkshire, England. A Jewish community existed in Bradford by the middle of the 19th century, composed largely of German Jews attracted by the industrial and commercial growth of the city. Services are said to have been held in Bradford in the 1830s, but the first synagogue was built in 1873. A Reform community (after that of London, the second in England) was founded in 1880. The Jewish population was later reinforced by refugees from the Russian persecutions. The German Jewish group was of great significance in the cultural life of the city. The artists sir william rothenstein and Albert Rutherston were born in Bradford. The poet humbert wolfe went to school there and described his childhood in his autobiography (Now a Stranger, 1933). jacob moser was lord mayor of Bradford in 1910–11. The Jewish population numbered about 700 in 1968 but dropped to approximately 170 in the mid-1990s. Nevertheless, the optional religious question asked for the first time in the 2001 British census found 356 declared Jews in Bradford. In 2004 an Orthodox and Reform synagogue existed. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: V.D. Lipman (ed.), Three Centuries of Anglo-Jewish History (1961), 84, 100 n. 48; Lehmann, Nova Bibl. 78, 185, 214. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: JYB, 2004. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bradford — Bradford, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 800 Housing Units (2000): 399 Land area (2000): 0.712701 sq. miles (1.845888 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.712701 sq. miles (1.845888 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Bradford — m English (mainly U.S.): transferred use of the surname, in origin a local name from any of the numerous places in England so called from Old English brād broad + ford ford. The surname was borne most famously by William Bradford (1590–1657),… …   First names dictionary

  • Bradford, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 800 Housing Units (2000): 399 Land area (2000): 0.712701 sq. miles (1.845888 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.712701 sq. miles (1.845888 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bradford, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 787 Housing Units (2000): 352 Land area (2000): 0.396506 sq. miles (1.026947 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.396506 sq. miles (1.026947 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bradford, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 1859 Housing Units (2000): 741 Land area (2000): 0.772238 sq. miles (2.000088 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.772238 sq. miles (2.000088 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bradford, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 9175 Housing Units (2000): 4371 Land area (2000): 3.449699 sq. miles (8.934679 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001506 sq. miles (0.003900 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.451205 sq. miles (8.938579 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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